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Interpretation of the non-ferrous metal industry, "second Five-Year" development plan "
Q: What is the basis for the preparation of the "planning"?
A: non-ferrous metals industry is an important basic raw material industry, product variety, a wide field of applications, industries associated with high play an important role in economic and social development and national defense science and technology industry.
"Planning" in accordance with the "Economic and Social Development 12th Five-Year Plan" and "industrial transformation and upgrading plan (2011 to 2015) the preparation, and non-ferrous metals industrial restructuring and revitalization plan, new materials industry development plan, heavy metals integrated pollution prevention and control "12th five-Year plan, the Development and Reform Commission is prepared" second five "non-ferrous metals industry productivity layout adjustment programs, the National Mineral Resources Plan (2008-2015), prepared by the Ministry of other departments energy conservation planning, recycled metal promotion plan organic convergence in industrial restructuring, resource protection, technological progress, energy saving and emission reduction, the implementation of "going out" strategy has made consistent.
Q: Can you tell us about the "Plan" prepared by the process?
A: In July 2009, the plan, "preparation started after planning studies, planning and drafting, planning convergence, expert evaluation stage. Widely listen to opinions from all sides of the relevant ministries and commissions of the State Council, local industry authorities, industry associations and key enterprises, organized several industry experts to modify the argument. The planning process is the development of a unified industry awareness, concise industry development ideas, the outcome of the collective wisdom.
Q: "planning" based on what kind of background and situation of the development of the industry prepared?
A: "plan," preparation is based on the development of non-ferrous metals industry "five judgments. First, non-ferrous metals as strategic emerging industries important material support, the development of the fundamentals have not changed. Non-ferrous metal products are widely used in power, transportation, construction, machinery, electronic information, aerospace, defense and military fields. From the long-term development, in the process of China's urbanization, industrialization, information technology will continue to play an important role in the development of strategic emerging industries and the defense industry, non-ferrous metals major breakthrough in the development of sophisticated products . In 2010, China's ten kinds of nonferrous metals output of 30.93 million tons, the apparent consumption of about 34.24 million tons, is the world's largest non-ferrous metal producer and consumer. In general, non-ferrous metals, more variety, despite the inconsistent development characteristics of different varieties, but in domestic and external demand to drive under the industry will continue to maintain the sustainable development of the situation.
Already have a good basis from large to strong changes in China's nonferrous metals industry. After the rapid development of the "Eleventh Five-Year", China's nonferrous metals industry has achieved remarkable achievements in industrial scale, technology and equipment, energy conservation, structural adjustment, major non-ferrous metal smelting technology and equipment has reached the international advanced level.
Third, the rapid development of industry accumulated structural contradictions still exist. Irrational industrial structure, the capability of independent innovation is not strong, heavy metals and environmental pollution accidents have occurred, the onerous task of energy saving.
The fourth factor constraints enhancement of the development of the industry. Address global climate change, to reduce carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions in the new situation, as well as the two-oriented society to promote the construction, energy, resources and environment constraints increasingly strengthened.
Fifth, international trade protectionism. Far-reaching impact of the international financial crisis, Western countries, international trade protectionism around the resources, markets, technologies, standards and other aspects of the competition is more intense, urgent requirement of non-ferrous metals industry to accelerate the transformation of development mode, accelerate the transformation and upgrading.
Q: What is the "planning" the preparation of the main ideas and direction?
A: Based on the judgment of the background and situation of the development of the industry, we have proposed the preparation of the main ideas and direction of "planning".
First, it reflects the four changes. " "Twelve Five" period, non-ferrous metal industry by focusing on expansion of scale shift to eco-industrial development model, to achieve the industry, ecology, social harmony and development; production and management focus from the main business to focus on production and service coordinated development; pay attention to the development of domestic resources to focus on the transformation of both domestic and overseas resources development; to focus on the development of both domestic and international space shift of focus from domestic to speed up the transfer of industries.
Second, based on "three support. Non-ferrous metal industry as an important basic industries of the national economy, but considering the domestic resources, energy shortages, and its development should be based on supporting domestic downstream market development needs; consider the country's resources are unevenly distributed, the level of economic development is uneven state of the nation, should be based on supporting regional economic development; same time, to consider whether it is to vigorously develop the deep processing of products, or energy conservation, should be based on the support of technical progress.
Third is to uphold the "Topic". "Plan" clearly structural adjustment transformation and upgrading "Twelve Five" during the main direction of development of the industry, non-ferrous metals throughout the whole theme. Around the theme, "planning" clear planning guiding ideology, basic principles, development goals main task of major projects.
Q: "planning" is to guide the non-ferrous metals industry in the next five years, the sustained and healthy development of guidance documents, the broad participation of the whole society, can tell us about the "planning" comments?
A: The "planning" to seek the Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Land and Resources, the Ministry of Transport, the Ministry of Environmental Protection, the Ministry of Commerce, People's Bank of China, the SASAC, the General Administration of Customs, State Administration of Taxation, Bureau of Statistics of China, China Banking Regulatory Commission Advisory Company of the Securities and Futures Commission, the State Electricity Regulatory Commission, Academy of Engineering, the National Energy Board, local governments, industry authorities, industry associations, Minmetals, Chinalco, in color, in a total of 56 units of opinions. Reply received a total of 49 units, which 25 different views, 23 other feedback material summary into 33 views, after careful study, 15 fully adopted, 18 partially adopted.
In the demonstration phase, inviting industry experts held a demonstration will be "planning", the expert demonstration group composed of experts from the Academy of Engineering the Sun Chuanyao 16, the Sun Chuanyao any team leader.
Q: "planning" including non-ferrous metals range of varieties and determine the basis for?
A: non-ferrous metal industry, covering a total of 64 kinds of metal, the "planning" consists principally of 10 kinds of commonly used non-ferrous metals: copper, aluminum, lead, zinc, nickel, tin, antimony, mercury, magnesium, titanium, and only in specific tasks, such as vigorously the development of deep processing products and improve resource protection efforts, involving more non-ferrous metal species, including rare earth rare metals, of rare metals. The reason is that these ten metal dominant in the non-ferrous metal industry, accounted for more than 95% of the total production accounts for non-ferrous metals output of sales revenue accounted for more than 85%; kinds of nonferrous metals is also the current statistics department adopted.
Of particular note is rare and rare earth metals as a scarce strategic resources, our company is the preparation of the rare metals industry development plan "not involved in the" planning ".
Q: "planning" is how to determine the "12th Five-Year Development Goals?
A: The choice of specific indicators, the main choice to guide the main indicators of non-ferrous metals industrial development, as well as published by the state planning indicators have been proposed specifically requested. "Twelve Five" period, the average annual growth rate of industrial added value reached 10%, a 18% reduction in energy consumption per unit of industrial added value, a 18% reduction in carbon dioxide emissions per unit of industrial added value, copper, lead, magnesium, zinc smelting complex consumption were reduced to 300 kg of standard coal / ton, 320 kilograms of standard coal / ton, 4 tons of standard coal / ton and 900 kg of standard coal / ton and below, electrolytic aluminum DC power consumption, the whole process of titanium sponge power consumption dropped to 12,500 kilowatts when / ton and 25,000 kwh / ton and. In 2015, the top 10 companies smelting production accounts for 90% of the copper, electrolytic aluminum 90%, 60% lead, zinc 60%.
Q: non-ferrous industry, industrial layout adjustment to the principle of what, how to guide further optimize the layout of the nonferrous metals industry?
A: "Eleventh Five-Year" period, China's non-ferrous metals industry has made some progress in optimizing the industrial layout. Smelting capacity has been gradually transferred to the energy-rich resource areas, the western region electrolytic aluminum output accounting for the proportion reached 51% in 2010, 56% zinc production, the magnesium production accounted for 50%, respectively Bibi increased by 5 percentage points in 2005, percentage points and 32 percentage points. But with the changes in the factors of production, part of the industrial layout needs to be optimized. Electrolytic aluminum, magnesium smelting and other serious excess capacity, started in 2010 only 70%, 60%.
"Plan" clearly "Twelve Five" non-ferrous metal industry layout adjustments to co-ordinate planning, insisted on a big pressure on the small combination, eliminate backward principle of combining with new projects.
"Plan" put forward to guide the industry to further optimize the layout of the direction and tasks. Non-ferrous metal smelting capacity to meet the domestic demand-based, strict control of resources, energy, environment conditions do not have the capacity region. Control of the premise of the total energy shortage areas electrolytic aluminum and magnesium smelting capacity, and actively guide the orderly transfer of energy resource-rich western region. Step by step part of the city colored business transformation or environmental relocation. In coastal areas, the use of imported raw materials and orderly layout of the building a number of copper, nickel base. Select the area of ​​the right conditions, relying on the dismantling of the park, make full use of domestic and foreign scrap copper, aluminum resources construction of large-scale renewable metal base. Enhance the corporate level of international operations, encourage in offshore construction alumina, electrolytic aluminum, copper, lead, zinc, nickel and other industrial park.
Meanwhile, according to the recycling economy development model to support the construction of a number of strong resource base, complete industrial chain, distinctive features, the efficient use of resources, environment-friendly non-ferrous metal new industrialization demonstration base. East in the West to support the construction of complementary advantages, win-win cooperation transfer of industry cooperation demonstration zone.
Q: "Twelve Five" period vigorously develop the deep processing products What is the significance?
A: "Eleventh Five-Year" period, China's non-ferrous metal industry product mix improvement. Through the introduction of technology and equipment for digestion and absorption and re-innovation, aluminum foil, large-scale industrial aluminum extrusion, precision brass foil, titanium rod, magnesium die castings close to or reached the international advanced level, initially to meet the electronic information, aerospace and defense science and technology industry and other areas of focus on the needs of sophisticated products. China's nonferrous metals industry as a whole is still in the low-end part of the international industrial chain division of labor, global resource allocation capability has not yet formed, the majority of enterprises are actually only producer of non-ferrous metals a link. Mine production capacity and downstream smelting, processing capacity ratio imbalance, and a tendency to expand upstream and downstream industries increasingly serious structural imbalance. Some high technological content and added value of the non-ferrous metal products deep processing can not be achieved localization development of new alloys basic tracking imitation of foreign aerospace aluminum plate, integrated circuits with high-purity metal products is still mainly rely on imports. Rare metals products are mainly primary, middle and low deep-processing products, a smaller proportion of high-end products. Such as indium production in China and export volume ranking first in the world, but the LCD screen with indium target almost entirely dependent on imports.
At the same time, information industry, new energy, new equipment manufacturing, marine engineering, bio-engineering and other strategic emerging industries and national defense science and technology industrial development needs of non-ferrous metals industry to provide important support need a major breakthrough in the development of sophisticated products.
Therefore, at the same time optimizing the traditional industrial structure, vigorously develop the deep processing of products of great significance. 2015, new materials, non-ferrous metal products added value accounted for the proportion of industrial added value increased by 8% in 2010 to 15%.
Q: China's non-ferrous metals industry, there has been a problem of resources and support is not strong, "Twelve Five" period how to improve the level of protection of our resources?
A: With China's rapid economic development, consumer demand for non-ferrous metals also rapid growth of mineral raw materials rising dependence on foreign As of 2010, only 23% of the self-sufficiency rate of copper, aluminum, nickel, respectively, 54% and 14%. Resources low level of protection become a bottleneck restricting the development of China's nonferrous metals industry. Mainly the following aspects: First, the mining base is weak. Of large non-ferrous metal mines, mostly developed in the 1950s and 1960s, after years of production, generally faced with the problem of resource depletion. Although the old deep mines and prospecting work around made some progress, but not much available for the construction of new mines. Renewable resources can not meet the need. Bound by the level of economic development, China's non-ferrous metal scrap recovery far can not be compared with developed countries, has become the world's largest non-ferrous metal scrap importing country. The interests of outside resources is still small. Although the use of non-ferrous metal resources of Chinese enterprises overseas has made important progress, but the interests of foreign strategic resource possession still can not meet the needs. At present, Chinese enterprises overseas copper resources in an effective interest of mineral raw materials imports accounted for only less than 4%; actual interests of the aluminum resources only 3% of the imports of mineral raw materials; zinc resources effective interest only 2.8% of the mineral raw materials imports.
"Planning" to improve the capacity of resources and support as one of the main tasks of the "12th Five-Year" development. First, accelerate the construction of resource base. To give priority to the outside, followed in the territory. Abroad, to accelerate overseas copper, aluminum, lead, zinc, nickel, titanium and other raw material supply bases as the focus, and actively promote the exploration of offshore resources in the resource-rich countries and regions, relying on the backbone enterprises with international operations, the establishment of where the country's interests and resources shared external resources development mechanism to speed up overseas resource development projects, the formation of a number of offshore mineral resource base. At the national level, to further strengthen the focus on prospecting and exploration of metallogenic zone, increase the reserves of resources to improve the identification of resources, reserves utilization, and actively carry out the existing mines deep edge prospecting to extend the mine life. Yunnan, Xinjiang, Gansu, Qinghai, Tibet, Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang and other provinces (regions) non-ferrous metal mineralization with resource development as the focus, speed up the construction of the western mineral resources base. Moderate development in Guangxi, Guizhou, Shanxi alumina production capacity with resources and support.
The second is to vigorously develop the circular economy. Encourage low-grade ore, associated minerals, refractory ore, tailings and smelting slag and other resource development and utilization. Promote the recovery of valuable elements copper, lead and zinc smelting enterprises in a variety of raw materials, smelting slag comprehensive utilization, and smelting waste heat utilization. Copper, aluminum and use of renewable resources system, establish and improve standardized recycling, dismantling, construction of a number of large-scale recycling demonstration project. Improve the recycling of used lead-acid battery system, encourage recycling used lead-acid batteries into the lead mine production system, minimizing heavy metal pollution. Support the renovation and expansion of the formation of a number of zinc, cobalt, nickel, tin, antimony, germanium, indium, precious metals recycling and smelting slag comprehensive utilization demonstration project. Relying on high-alumina coal resources in Inner Mongolia and other, in an orderly resource development and utilization of fly ash, and vigorously promote the comprehensive utilization of "red mud guidance," the organization and implementation.
Q: "national economic and social development of the 12th Five-Year Plan" to promote the development of China's economy to rely more on technological innovation-driven, non-ferrous metals industry of the "12th Five-Year" period in the transformation and upgrading of how to play the role of scientific and technological innovation?
A: "Eleventh Five-Year" period, China's non-ferrous metals industry rely on scientific and technological innovation, the main varieties smelting technology and equipment level faster. But the capability of independent innovation is not strong, non-ferrous metals business R & D expenditures accounted for the main business income of 0.65%, lower than the national average. Independent development of new materials, development of new alloys basic tracking imitation of foreign key non-ferrous metal new materials development lags behind the emerging industries of strategic development needs. "Twelve Five" period of non-ferrous metals industry to continue to adhere to the principles of scientific and technological innovation, to play the role of scientific and technological innovation mainly from four aspects:
Enhance innovation capacity. Around the non-ferrous metals industry development priorities and difficulties in the exploration of mineral resources, energy conservation, improve resource utilization, advanced materials preparation, accelerate the establishment of enterprises as the mainstay, market-oriented research that combines technological innovation system, and vigorously to cultivate enterprise application technology R & D and innovation capability, innovation input mechanism, strengthen the construction of common technology platform to promote the enterprises, research institutes and universities to carry out cutting-edge common technology research, to concentrate on making breakthroughs in key technologies and common basic technology, give full play to science and technology to industrial upgrading and supporting role in enhancing the core competitiveness of the industry.
(2) strengthening the technical transformation. Support the use of advanced and applicable technologies and high-tech, non-ferrous metals enterprises quality varieties, energy conservation, environmental protection, production safety, integration of the two, as the focus, to upgrade production technology and equipment of existing enterprises, speed up eliminating backward to achieve clean, safe production, improve production automation, digital management level.
Promote the integration of two of the depth. Conscientiously sum up the experience in the information technology and promote the industry advanced enterprises, the establishment and improvement of non-ferrous metals industry information standards work system. Through technological innovation, improve the level of automation of production. Encourage enterprises to build integrated management system, to promote the use of enterprise resource planning (ERP) and manufacturing execution system (MES) to improve the efficiency of management and control.
Strengthen standardization. Adapt to the non-ferrous metal industry to speed up the adjustment of product structure, the development of new materials need to establish, amendments, improve technology and product standards. Further improve the energy consumption, safe and clean production and the development of standards. Development of renewable non-ferrous metal energy consumption and environmental standards. Efforts to increase the participation in international standardization work, international and domestic standards and two-way conversion.
Through the efforts of the above four aspects, "Twelve Five" period to achieve the key large and medium-sized enterprises to establish a sound system for technological innovation, R & D investment accounted for the main business revenue reached 1.5%, products deep processing and comprehensive utilization of resources, low-carbon and other independent Innovation and technology progress, efficient green technology and energy saving technology has been widely used.
Q: non-ferrous metal industry is a typical "two high and one capital" industry, energy conservation work facing the kind of situation, "Twelve Five" What are the specific tasks and objectives?
A: With the increasingly strengthening of China's energy resources and ecological environment element constraints; expansion of the scale of non-ferrous metals industry, the domestic shortage of resources and energy bottlenecks have become increasingly prominent; national efforts to build a resource-saving, environment-friendly society, high energy consumption, high emission of colored energy conservation, ecological protection metal industry faces pressure the increase. Energy consumption, non-ferrous metals industry accounted for 2.8% of national energy consumption in 2010, but accounted for only 1.99% of the country's industrial added value; non-ferrous metals industrial energy consumption is mainly concentrated in the smelting segment, accounting for about 80% of the industry's total energy consumption, processing (11%), mining accounted for 5%. In the smelting part, accounted for 61% of aluminum smelting, lead and zinc smelting accounted for 7%, the magnesium smelting 6%, 2% copper smelting. , Electrolytic aluminum industry, electricity consumption accounted for 80% of the total consumption of non-ferrous metals industrial power, accounting for 5% of the country's electricity consumption.
"Twelve Five" non-ferrous metal industry, energy saving specific tasks is the use of advanced and applicable technologies, technological transformation of existing production capacity and improve the level of industrial technology and equipment, eliminating the backward, increasing the variety, improve quality, reduce material consumption, water consumption and energy consumption. "Eleventh Five-Year" period of China's scientific and technological workers invention shaped cathode aluminum reduction cells by stabilizing the fluctuation of liquid aluminum, reducing the polar distance, tons of aluminum DC power consumption can be reduced by 800 to 1,000 kWh. In lead smelting, the relevant units in China through years of research, the successful development of bottom blowing oxygen-rich smelting technology and liquid high lead slag direct reduction technology and industrialization, to solve the key bottleneck restricting the domestic lead smelting upgrade. Therefore, the plan put forward to 2015, and strive to complete more than 15 million tons and technological transformation of electrolytic aluminum, electrolytic aluminum DC power consumption dropped to 12,500 kWh / ton, the annual saving 10 billion kwh of electricity; completion of the 120 million tons of backward lead smelting and 300 tons of lead blast furnace reducing ability of transformation, annual savings of 800,000 tons of standard coal; complete the backbone magnesium smelting technological transformation of enterprises, and strive to annual savings of 1 million tons of standard coal. Copper smelting, electrolytic aluminum, lead smelting, titanium smelting industry technical indicators in the world leading.
Q: green economy, low-carbon economic development, non-ferrous metal industry new, more stringent environmental requirements, "planning" in what areas will promote environmental protection?
A: non-ferrous metal industry is the development and utilization of mineral resources (including for the use of renewable resources) industry, in the production process not only consumes resources, energy, and discharge of wastewater, waste gas and waste residue. Long-term mining, smelting production and accumulation of heavy metal pollution in recent years began to reveal pollution incidents have occurred, especially in recent years of heavy metals in environmental pollution events, as well as blood lead pollution incidents pose a serious threat to the ecological environment and people's health .
"Planning" as the focus of heavy nonferrous metals pollution prevention, in accordance with the requirements of the comprehensive prevention and control of heavy metal pollution "12th Five-Year Plan" and the "key areas of air pollution joint prevention and control" 12th Five-Year Plan "to follow the source of prevention, the process is blocked , clean production, the principle of comprehensive prevention and control of the whole process of the end of the treatment, to speed up the key areas of heavy metal pollution prevention. Promote the environmental protection from the following three aspects:
1. Limit emissions of heavy metals projects
Strict access conditions, optimize the industrial layout, prohibiting new in the nature reserves, drinking water source protection areas and other areas that need special protection, large and medium-sized cities and their suburbs, residential areas and other requirements on environmental conditions within the region, renovation, expansion project increased pollutant emissions of heavy metals.
To the end of the "12th Five-Year", retaining only the Shaanxi mercury antimony Technology Co., Ltd. is a native of mercury smelting enterprises, elimination of other native mercury smelting enterprises. Mercury catalyst recycling business should be supporting a mercury vapor recovery unit, in addition to Guizhou Wanshan, strict control of other parts of the new mercury catalyst recycling business.
(2) actively promote clean production
Vigorously promote the safe and efficient, low energy and material consumption, environmental compliance, comprehensive utilization of resources with good effects of advanced production technology, strengthen the prevention and control of heavy metal pollution from the source. Compulsory clean production audit in accordance with the law. Strengthen the construction of heavy metal pollution control facilities to encourage enterprises to depth treatment on the basis of the discharge. The implementation of the comprehensive improvement of the area, the Xiangjiang River, focusing on promoting pollution-intensive industries, the problems of pollution left over from history, the comprehensive improvement of the risk and potential danger of heavy metals in polluted areas.
3. Strengthen the regulatory capacity building
Strengthening of heavy metal pollution environmental monitoring capacity to implement automatic monitoring of pollution sources, heavy metal emissions, wastewater enterprises want to install the corresponding line monitoring of heavy metal pollutants, and environmental protection department.
Q: In order to ensure the realization of the planning objectives, "planning" to develop the kind of policy measures and security conditions?
A: In order to ensure the completion of the task planning and planning goals, planning from the different levels of seven policy measures: One is to strengthen planning guidance; Second is to improve industrial policy; increase investment in science and technology; fourth is to strengthen resource protection and Reserves; Fifth, to promote international exchanges and cooperation; sound energy conservation policy; 7 is to improve industry management.
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